High in the mountains behind Rio is a small historic town where the Brazilian Imperial Family would spend their summers. Located 809 meters (one half mile) above sea level, visitors enjoy spectacular views and the much cooler climate. Petrópolis is just 53km (33 miles) from Rio, along a modern highway. Its attractions include the Imperial Museum, the Summer Palace of Brazil’s Emperors, whose collections feature the Crown and Scepter of Brazil’s last Emperor, Pedro II, as well as documents, jewels and works of art that once belonged to the Imperial Family. Perfect for a day trip. Lunch at typical Brazilian restaurant.